USAID’s Biodiversity Conservation and Forestry Programs, FY 2010 Results and Funding

Speeches Shim

USAID manages a diverse portfolio of projects that conserve biodiversity and sustain forests while advancing development, particularly for vulnerable people who rely on natural resources for their livelihoods. This annual report summarizes the Agency’s work in this sector and its importance to human well-being, highlighting discrete and cumulative results in fiscal year (FY) 2010, and how FY 2010 funds were allocated for work in FY 2011.

In FY 2010, USAID invested $178 million in more than 45 countries in forestry — actions which conserve or better manage forests. Of these funds, $169 million was focused on tropical forests. About $85 million of the Agency’s forestry efforts advanced biodiversity conservation as a key objective. Another $75 million in forestry was programmed under the Sustainable Landscapes (GCC-SL) pillar of USAID’s Global Climate Change portfolio. Programs in forest restoration, agroforestry and watershed conservation account for the remaining $18 million of forestry funding.

Agency funding for international biodiversity conservation grew to $213 million in 2010, with programs in more than 50 countries. Many activities worked to address the full range of threats in an ecologically-defined landscape, such as the 19-country SCAPES1 program, in which actions like wildlife monitoring and conservation enterprises improve habitat connectivity for over one million gazelle in Mongolia and 250,000 elephants in Southern Africa. Other activities leveraged the buying power and market reach of the private sector to address a single threat, such as illegal logging or unsustainable fishing, wherever it exists. All biodiversity projects are designed based on an analysis of threats, and all site-based activities target biologically significant areas.

USAID’s FY 2010 funding for GCC-SL included $78 million for the policy, planning, accounting, and monitoring aspects of forest management for climate change mitigation. Funds were applied to maintaining or enhancing carbon sequestration by forests and therefore count as forestry, except for $3 million which was used to advance low-emissions development more broadly. All GCC-SL programs support developing countries’ efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation while achieving associated biodiversity and livelihoods results (REDD+).

Additional USAID reports on biodiversity and/or forestry programs are available at

Monday, March 26, 2012 - 7:45pm

Last updated: February 07, 2022