Haiti

Speeches Shim

Haiti-Earthquake
USAID deployed a Disaster Assistance Response Team, including search-and-rescue experts, immediately after the earthquake hit to lead the U.S. Government efforts in support of the Government of Haiti.
Photo credit: Emily Rasinski, USAID

Key Developments

President Joseph R. Biden announced approximately $69 million in additional humanitarian assistance for food, health, livelihood, nutrition, and other interventions for Haiti at two separate high-profile funding announcements during the month of June.

Relief actors face challenges reaching communities in and near Haiti's capital city of Port-au-Prince, including tens of thousands of people displaced by organized criminal group activity since late April.

Up to 2.5 million people in Haiti—20 percent of the country's population—will likely experience Crisis—IPC 3—or worse levels of acute food insecurity through December 2022, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).

Background

Haiti’s endemic poverty and civil unrest—combined with recurring shocks from natural disasters, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes—have resulted in food insecurity and other humanitarian needs throughout the country.  Since the January 2010 earthquake and October 2010 cholera outbreak, USAID has focused both on providing immediate response to affected populations and on supporting disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs that promote local and national self-sufficiency in disaster preparedness, response, and management. Since 2010, USAID has provided approximately $186 million to support stand-alone DRR programs throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, including nearly $32.2 million in funding to support DRR efforts in Haiti. In addition to stand-alone DRR programs, USAID contributed nearly $133 million to support programs integrating preparedness and mitigation activities into early recovery and transition programs in response to the January 2010 earthquake and subsequent cholera outbreak in Haiti.

Since 2011, USAID has supported the International Organization for Migration to pre-position emergency relief supplies in the event of disasters, as well as to develop Government of Haiti personnel capacity to manage facilities and deploy supplies when necessary. Pre-positioning relief commodities—including plastic sheeting, hygiene kits, and water containers—ensured that relief supplies were available for distribution to affected populations immediately following Hurricane Matthew in October 2016, and Hurricane Irma in September 2017.

In recent years, USAID has deployed Disaster Assistance Response Teams to Haiti following Hurricane Matthew and Hurricane Irma to conduct disaster assessments and coordinate response activities with the Government of Haiti and humanitarian organizations.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: August 11, 2022

Share This Page